Justice Grace Vineyards
Taste the Life Within...
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Label Series of Compassion from Justice Grace Vineyards. A unique resource to help support organizations fighting for Social and Environmental Justice.


We Are: proud to provide this meta Info resource below, touching on the immense scope of modern-day Slavery. For those looking to learn more, we hope this can be of use.

Slavery is an obscenity... it is the theft of an entire life.
— Kevin Bales, author of Disposable People
If slavery is not wrong, nothing is wrong.
— Abraham Lincoln, 1864-5
The whole purpose of life is to learn, teach and love. To care for each other and better our souls but the people are being enslaved. I cannot survive any longer... I am not a Slave and I refuse to be one.
— 2/05/2018 , longtime NYC black car driver Doug Schifter, on the eve of his suicide

Slavery Today

Nearly every culture and nation throughout recorded history has been corroded by the Institution of slavery. It is institutional, because in order to persist, it must be supported by those in power, despite empty proclamations to the contrary. To persist as an acceptable foundation of global economic trade and profit, it must be condoned by information gatekeepers, and consumers alike.

Modern day slavery, and the typical routes (literally) taken to slavery, are well known and documented. Yet it has only grown and prospered. And it is now intertwined with three other global human crisis: refugee, immigration, and poverty.

Today, there are 40 MM slaves in the world: more than at any other time in human history

Estimated 70% are female

Estimated 1:4 are children

In 1850 a slave cost the equivalent of $40K. Today, $90. (Kevin Bales, anti-slavery author and activist)

As Kevin Bales explains, the explosion in the number of modern-day slaves has eroded the economic ties that maintain their individual worth as slaves – and now, most are considered “Disposable People.”

Most of us think of slavery as chattel slavery— that of reducing a human being to nothing more than property, and owning them outright. Modern day slavery includes the denial of a person’s freedom for self-determination over their bodies, their choice for work, and the conditions under which they live. It includes the crimes of human (child and adult) trafficking, debt bondage, forced labor (sex, Ag, domestic work, military, prisons), forced marriage, sale and exploitation, and servitude.

Human trafficking is believed to be the third largest criminal activity in the world. As the reports cited below show, some of the world's richest corporations or citizens are connected to the slave trade – without any accountability. The International Labor Organization estimates slavery generates $150 B per year in profits worldwide. Worker exploitation has rapidly escalated, and with the shift to far-right politics worldwide, the environment for slavery will be more accommodating.

Is slavery inevitable?
How conditions in the US inform the path to acceptance

The driving force of slavery today is societal acceptance of an economic system which relentlessly plunges towards lower prices while ignoring the human and environmental tolls of this “race-to-the-bottom,” and the corruption of patronage politics which deflects attention the other way.

As the above haunting quote from Doug Schifter shows, in the US in 2018, slavery takes many forms, many just beneath the surface. Less obvious worker exploitation, transparently enabled by Government, includes use of:

Even in the prosperous US, nearly 1:5 live in/near poverty, mean annual wages for men peaked 40+ years ago, and minimum wage rates are stagnating at poverty wages. Working families living in poverty require bottom of barrel prices of goods and services to survive... which leads to greater slavery in a deliberately obscured global corporate supply chain.

It is easy to see how the race-to-the-bottom economics in the US is a vicious cycle that helps propel people and planet into crisis.

If we have long accepted poverty wages here in the US as some form of collateral damage, it is easy to understand why we are also complicit in allowing slavery worldwide to persist, supported it with our “low-cost” consumer purchases, and ambivalence on demanding corporate and government enforcement of globally accepted humanitarian laws.


The Power of the Consumer:   some industries associated with Slavery




International Labor Rights Forum

CNN Freedom Project, Chocolate

Food Empowerment Project

Wikipedia, many primary source references, including: "

A major report released in 2015 by the Payson Center for International Development of Tulane University, funded by the United States Department of Labor, reported a 51% increase in the number of child workers (1.4 million) in the cocoa industry in 2013-14, compared to 2008-09. Those living in "slave-like conditions" increased 10 percent in the same time period (to 1.1 million)."

Chocolate with Dignity



photo Mario Anzuoni, Reuters

photo Mario Anzuoni, Reuters

The Atlantic, "In the Strawberry Fields", 11/'95

The Price of Sugar documentary

Southern Poverty Law Center: “Close to Slavery: Guestworker Programs in the United States”


Sugar, palm oil (processed/ packaged foods), dairy, cotton, farmworkers worldwide. As Ag industry rapidly moves to mechanical harvesting, it looks like US government has decided it will no longer publicly serve corporate needs for cheap labor by allowing large numbers of immigrants across the border, or driving them here having already destroyed Mexico's maize farm sector.

LA Times, 4 -part series, “Hardship on Mexico's farms, a bounty for U.S. Tables” 12'14

Bloomberg businessweek: “Indonesia's Palm Oil Industry Rife With Human-Rights Abuses" 7/'13

Verite, Re: Palm Oil

Barry Estabrook, author of Tomatoland

Hidden suffering behind Brazilian coffee, Washington Post, 8/'18

“No Fees Initiative” Re: Labor bondage



Environmental Justice Foundation

Environmental Justice Foundation


Not only is overfishing causing a crisis, the use of slaves is well known.

Associated Press, “Seafood from Slaves”, series, 2016

Sold to the Sea, documentary, '14

Guardian UK, “Revealed: Asian slave labour producing prawns for supermarkets in US, UK" 6/'14

Guardian, UK: “UK police rescue nine suspected victims of slavery from British trawlers " 12/'17

Environmental Justice Foundation, Human Trafficking in Thailand's fishing industry, report, '15

Solidarity Center: True Cost of Shrimp report




Textiles, Carpets, Shoe Manufacturing


Infamous Triangle Shirtwaist factory fire

100 years ago, one of the deadliest industrial fires in the US, the Triangle Shirtwaist factory fire, resulted in changes to labor laws. Nearly 20 years ago, celebrity Kathie Lee Gifford's apparel company, was accused of abusive conditions in her garment factories. And 5 years ago, a devastating fire killed more than 1,100 garment workers at Rana Plaza. What's changed? Fashion – at what price?

Slate: “We Are Nothing but Machines to Them” 12/'16

NYTimes “Retailers Like H&M and Walmart Fall Short of Pledges to Overseas Workers” 5/'16

NYTimes Editorial, “Bangladesh’s Crackdown on Labor” 2/'17 crackdown on labor activists

Salon: “The slave labor behind your favorite clothing brands: Gap, H&M and more exposed” 3/'15

Triple Pundit “From Farm to Factory: A 3 Part Series on Social Impacts in Apparel"

UDITA (Arise) 2015 documentary about Bangladesh women garment workers


Mining/ Minerals/ Tech products




An est 600-800 K people per yr worldwide, generating an est $30 B in profits. Women and children trafficked heavily in the US, in all 50 states. The San Francisco Bay Area is one of the top 3 primary transport hubs for human trafficking in the country. Children in the foster care system are decidedly more at risk. The needs of victims of trafficking are among the most complex of crime victims, often requiring a multidisciplinary approach to address severe trauma and medical needs, immigration and other legal issues, safety concerns, shelter and other basic daily needs, and financial hardship

NY Times Magazine, “The Girls Next Door”, 1/'04

CNN Freedom project, “Sex trafficking: The new American slavery”, 3/'17

The Nation, “This Labor Trafficking Case Exposes…”, 9/’18

SF Chronicle, “SF report uncovers nearly 500 cases of human trafficking”, 11/'16

Washington Post, "Blowin' Up takes a searing look...", 5/'18

Guardian UK, The Trap Documentary, 2018


Domestic Workers: home care

International Labor Organization

International Labor Organization


Is among the top forced labor positions from trafficking. Domestic /home care workers often live within their employers’ households, cooking, cleaning, and caretaking for children, the elderly or infirm. Home Care workers are Not protected under federal minimum wage and overtime pay regulations – however several states recently passed state level “Domestic Workers Bill of Rights.

CBS News, “Typical child care worker paid less than dog trainer”, 11/'15

National Domestic Workers Alliance report, “Home Economics”, 2017

The Washington Post, “Former U.S. diplomat again found liable for sexually enslaving a housekeeper” 7/'17



What Can We Do? Links to Help you make better purchase decisions...


Organizations Supported:

Coalition to Abolish Slavery & Trafficking (CAST La)

The nation’s largest provider of comprehensive, life-changing services to survivors, and an advocate for groundbreaking policies and legislation. For two decades, CAST has supported thousands of survivors on their journey to freedom, from counseling and mentorship, to legal resources and housing, to education and leadership training. Cast provides evidence driven, comprehensive services to human trafficking survivors, empowering them to become partners and leaders in the field, which leads to systemic changes in attitudes, laws, and policies.